The agreement also provides for a transitional period, which lasts until 31 December 2020 and can be extended once by mutual agreement. During the transition period, EU law will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the Single Market and the Customs Union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. The transition period will give businesses time to adjust to the new situation, and the UK and EU governments time to negotiate a new EU-UK trade deal.   On 23 January 2020, the UK Parliament adopted the draft agreement of the time by passing the European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Act 2020. Following the signing of the Agreement, the Government of the United Kingdom issued and deposited the instrument of ratification of Great Britain on 29 January 2020.   The agreement was ratified by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020 after obtaining the consent of the European Parliament on 29 January 2020. The withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union entered into force on 31 January 2020 at 11 .m GMT, and on that date the Withdrawal Agreement under Article 185 entered into force. The bill was reintroduced immediately after the general election and was the first bill to be introduced in the House of Commons in the first session of the 58th Parliament with amendments to the previous bill by the re-elected government, and on December 19, immediately after first reading of the Outlaw Bill and before the start of debate on the Queen`s Speech, was read for the first time. The second reading took place on the 200nd. December and the third on January 9, 2020. Nevertheless, the peers decided not to pursue a fight with the House of Commons and agreed to let the bill pass. A total of five amendments to the bill were sent to MPs for consideration by the Lords, including on the rights of EU citizens, the power of UK courts to derogate from EU law and the independence of the judiciary after Brexit.
Described by The Independent as the government that « prays » to Conservative rebels, the bill, as originally conceived, would have allowed MPs to review each agreement « line by line » and make changes.  Conservative MP Steve Baker, who wrote for the Times, claimed that the new bill « gives an appropriate position in UK law to any deal we reach with the EU » and that it is consistent with the referendum result by « giving more control over how we govern the British Parliament ».  A fifth amendment called for the Bill to be amended to take note of Sewel`s agreement, which states that Parliament should not legislate on decentralised matters without the consent of the Scottish Parliament, the Welsh Assembly and the Stormont Assembly in Northern Ireland. During the study phase in the House, it will be up to Vice-President Lindsay Hoyle, President of Means and Means, to decide which amendments will be chosen for debate and which of them will be put to the vote. The main point of contention with the WAB will be whether the main objective of the law – the implementation of the Withdrawal Agreement – justifies not choosing certain changes. He reportedly called on the government to commit to negotiating a deal with the EU on minors – reinforcing the existing promise in the bill to make a statement on the issue within two months. The reception of the agreement in the House of Commons was from cold to hostile and the vote was delayed by more than a month. Prime Minister May won a no-confidence motion against her own party, but the EU refused to accept further changes. After the two chambers agreed on the text of the law, she received the royal convention on 23 January […].